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  • Space Maintainer

    Dental space maintainers can help keep the space for an adult tooth open if the baby tooth has been lost too early...

  • Facial Esthetic Surgeries

    Facial cosmetic surgery has long been the solution of choice for the correction of physical malformations resulting from aging, disease, inj...

  • Immediate Implants

    Immediate implants are an increasingly common strategy to preserve bone and reduce treatment times which includes the placement of a dental...

  • Impaction

    An impacted tooth is one that fails to erupt into the dental arch within the specific time. Because impacted teeth do not erupt, they ar...

  • Biopsy

    A biopsy is a simple surgery that removes samples of soft tissue or bone from the body. In the case of dentists, this may be gum tissue, a t...

  • Lip Lengthening

    Lip Lengthening is an in-office clinical procedure carried out under local anesthesia (freeze up), which can be helped with the aid of a re...

  • Laser Root Canal Treatment

    Laser technology was introduced to endodontics with the goal of improving the results obtained with traditional procedures through the use o...

  • Teeth Whitening

    Whitening, or "tooth bleaching", is the most common cosmetic dental procedure. While many whitening options are now available, including ove...

  • Dental Caries

    Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is an infection, bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization and destruction of ...

  • Operculectomy

    Operculectomy is a minor surgical procedure where the affected soft tissue covering and surrounding the tooth is removed. This leaves an ar...

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Dental Caries

Departments: Oral Medicine And Radiology

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Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is an infection, bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel, dentin and cementum). It is a result of the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of food debris accumulated on the tooth surface.If demineralization exceeds saliva and other remineralization factors such as from calcium and fluoridated toothpastes, these once hard tissues progressively break down, producing dental caries (cavities, holes in the teeth). Today, caries remain one of the most common diseases throughout the world. Cariology is the study of dental caries.

Depending on the extent of tooth destruction, various treatments can be used to restore teeth to proper form, function, and aesthetics, but there is no known method to regenerate large amounts of tooth structure. Instead, dental health organizations advocate preventive and prophylactic measures, such as regular oral hygiene and dietary modifications, to avoid dental caries